EXERCISE THERAPY FOR CHRONIC DISEASE
Exercise physiologists play a crucial role in chronic disease management because they are trained to understand the physiological responses and adaptations that occur in the human body during exercise. Chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and chronic respiratory conditions, are often linked to lifestyle factors, including physical inactivity. Exercise physiologists can contribute to managing these conditions in several ways:
- Prescription of Exercise Programs: Exercise physiologists can design and prescribe individualized exercise programs tailored to the specific needs and limitations of individuals with chronic diseases. These programs aim to improve cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, flexibility, and overall functional capacity.
- Monitoring and Assessment: They can assess and monitor individuals before, during, and after exercise interventions. This involves evaluating baseline fitness levels, monitoring progress, and adjusting exercise programs as needed.
- Risk Stratification: Exercise physiologists are skilled in assessing the risk of exercise-related complications. They can identify individuals who may need specialized supervision or modifications in their exercise programs due to underlying health conditions.
- Collaboration with Healthcare Professionals: Exercise physiologists work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals, such as physicians, physical therapists, and dietitians, to ensure comprehensive and coordinated care for individuals with chronic diseases.
The following chronic diseases may be good candidates for exercise therapy:
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Metabolic Disorders
- Low Back Pain
- Respiratory Disease
- Cognitive & Psychological Conditions
- Spinal Cord Injury